Secular Greeting JAI SHRI RAM

Once I went to a party and greeted my friends with ‘Jai Sri Ram’. One of my friends commented that I should use Secular Greetings.

I put up my argument that when some body sneezes, English people say God Bless You. Muslims frequently use the word Insha Allah and so on. So why some body frowns when we say Jai Shri Ram. It is only natural for any one to remember his God in his own language. This is a natural behaviour accepted by all great persons. Being originally from Varanasi I am quoting a verse from a Great Poet from Varanasi Shri Shyam Narayan Pandey.

Haldighati Eleventh chapter

हल्दीघाटी: एकादश सर्ग – श्याम नारायण पाण्डेय

राणा प्रताप का ताप तचा,

अरि–दल में हाहाकर मचा।

भेड़ों की तरह भगे कहते

अल्लाह हमारी जान बचा ॥४३॥

You can see that in the above verse Akbar’s Soldiers remember the God in their language. It would have been inappropriate if the poet had not used the name of the God as spoken by their followers and had used the word Shri Ram instead of Allah in the above verse.

It is very natural for all the persons to always remember the God in Good Times and Bad times. With all the respect for our Father of the Nation the last word of Mahatma Gandhi ji was Hey Ram !  I don’t think there is ever a person more secular than him.

Shringi Rishi of Ramayana era – Singrauli – Mada rock cut caves

Shringi Rishi of Ramayana era – Singrauli – Mada rock cut caves

Mada Caves

माँड़ा गुफा, सिंगरौली

Singrauli is a lesser known district of Madhya Pradesh.

Very few people are aware that Singrauli is the Energy (ऊर्जा) Capital of India having one of the highest concentrations of super thermal power projects and Mega Coal Mines in India. Scenic beauty, forests, waterfalls, rivers amidst valleys and hills of Vindhyachal, Son (Sone, सोन) River and Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)

 

The District name of Singrauli comes from Srigavali after Sringi Rishi who did Yajya For Maharaja Dasharath after which Lord Raam was born, as beautifully described by Goswami Tulsidas:

 

श्री राम चरित मानस गोस्वामी तुलसी दास

बाल काण्ड

shrI rAmacharita mAnasa

bAlakANDa..189-190

एक बार भूपति मन माहीं। भै गलानि मोरें सुत नाहीं॥
गुर गृह गयउ तुरत महिपाला। चरन लागि करि बिनय बिसाला॥1॥

 

eka bAra bhUpati mana mAhI.n. bhai galAni more.n suta nAhI.n ..

gura gR^iha gaya_u turata mahipAlA. charana lAgi kari binaya bisAlA ..

 

निज दुख सुख सब गुरहि सुनायउ। कहि बसिष्ठ बहुबिधि समुझायउ॥
धरहु धीर होइहहिं सुत चारी। त्रिभुवन बिदित भगत भय हारी॥2॥

 

nija dukha sukha saba gurahi sunAya_u. kahi basiShTha bahubidhi samujhAya_u ..

dharahu dhIra ho_ihahi.n suta chArI. tribhuvana bidita bhagata bhaya hArI ..

 

सृंगी रिषिहि बसिष्ठ बोलावा। पुत्रकाम सुभ जग्य करावा॥
भगति सहित मुनि आहुति दीन्हें। प्रगटे अगिनि चरू कर लीन्हें॥3॥

 

sR^i.ngI riShahi basiShTha bolAvA. putrakAma subha jagya karAvA ..

bhagati sahita muni Ahuti dInhe.n. pragaTe agini charU kara lInhe.n ..

 

जो बसिष्ठ कछु हृदयँ बिचारा। सकल काजु भा सिद्ध तुम्हारा॥
यह हबि बाँटि देहु नृप जाई। जथा जोग जेहि भाग बनाई॥4॥

 

jo basiShTha kachhu hR^idaya.N bichArA. sakala kAju bhA siddha tumhArA ..

yaha habi bA.NTi dehu nR^ipa jA_I. jathA joga jehi bhAga banA_I ..

 

तब अदृस्य भए पावक सकल सभहि समुझाइ।
परमानंद मगन नृप हरष न हृदयँ समाइ॥189॥

 

dohA\.

taba adR^isya bha_e pAvaka sakala sabhahi samujhA_i ..

paramAna.nda magana nR^ipa haraSha na hR^idaya.N samA_i .. 189 ..

 

तबहिं रायँ प्रिय नारि बोलाईं। कौसल्यादि तहाँ चलि आईं॥
अर्ध भाग कौसल्यहि दीन्हा। उभय भाग आधे कर कीन्हा॥1॥

 

tabahi.n rAya.N priya nAri bolA_I.n. kausalyAdi tahA.N chali A_I ..

ardha bhAga kausalyAhi dInhA. ubhaya bhAga Adhe kara kInhA ..

 

कैकेई कहँ नृप सो दयऊ। रह्यो सो उभय भाग पुनि भयऊ॥
कौसल्या कैकेई हाथ धरि। दीन्ह सुमित्रहि मन प्रसन्न करि॥2॥

 

kaike_I kaha.N nR^ipa so daya_U. rahyo so ubhaya bhAga puni bhaya_U ..

kausalyA kaike_I hAtha dhari. dInha sumitrahi mana prasanna kari ..

 

एहि बिधि गर्भसहित सब नारी। भईं हृदयँ हरषित सुख भारी॥
जा दिन तें हरि गर्भहिं आए। सकल लोक सुख संपति छाए॥3॥

 

ehi bidhi garbhasahita saba nArI. bha_I.n hR^idaya.N haraShita sukha bhArI ..

jA dina te.n hari garbhahi.n A_e. sakala loka sukha sa.npati chhA_e ..

 

Mada (माँड़ा) rock cut caves of Singrauli

At some distance on southwest of Singrauli there are a series of 7th and 8th century caves. Some of which have beautiful rock cut caves, houses many statues, one of them is of Natraja . As saying goes, PANDAVAS also stayed there for some time during their AgyatVas. Area has gripping scenic beauty, but the upkeep of caves was not up to the mark when I took these photographs in 2010 0r 2011. There are some shoddy repair works. What authorities could do is even to put some ticket for entrance and upgrade the upkeep.

Nataraja mada caves

 

River at Mada Caves

 

mada rock cut caves 2

My Father’s Memory of Gauraksha Andolan 1966

“My Father’s Memory of Gauraksha Andolan 1966”
– by R. K. Chopra

My Father Shri Dev Kumar Chopra is now in his eighties. He gets very agitated when he comes across any news of trafficking of cows for slaughter across state or country’s borders. We come from a Hindu Khatri Family from Varanasi. My Father’s Guru, and my Guru, was Shri Harihara Nand Sarswati popularly known as Swami Karpatri Ji Maharaj. Many of his books were published from my house at Sati Chabutara, Varanasi where ‘Sanmarg Karyalaya’ (Sanmarg Magzine) was located. Even the first publication of Goswami Tulsidas: Ram Charit Manas was published from my house, much before; it was published by Gita Press.

Our family owned a Movie hall, then known as Nishat Talkies at Godowlia*. Post Independence my Father became an active member of Ram Rajya Parishad a political party who mostly allied with Hindu Maha Sabha. I am narrating his memories of that day of Goraksha Andolan, the 7th November 1966 which he has been telling us since our childhood.
“We were advancing towards Sansad Bhawan, making slogan Gaumata ki Jai. Then there was this firing. People started running. I saw a Sadhu in saffron dress lying in pool of blood. Nobody dared to help him. A person, later I came to know he was a watchman from some building, urged everyone to help the Sadhu. Nobody else dared. I said let us go. We two advanced. A security person pointed gun at us. After a few moments, suddenly, he lowered his gun. Probably realising our good intention, Security person moved away a few feet. We reached the Sadhu .He was in great pain, hit by a bullet in thigh. We lifted him. Sadhu was bulky. I too had great body but we two had great difficulty in carrying him for some 40-50 feet, after which the crowd came for help. I do not know whether that Sadhu survived or what happened to him. The media was not so vocal or unbiased then; so such event never made a headline or I would rather say even a line. I salute such soldiers who fought or still fighting for Our Gaumata.

Gau Mata Ki Jai
Bharat Mata Ki Jai

*Very few people know that down town Varanasi- Godowlia is named after Gau Dhuli, i.e. the Dust atmosphere generated during evening when cowherds used to return back after grazing. Why the morning period is not called Gau Dhuli when the cows go out has logic. You know that in morning, the village or forest atmosphere remains slightly moist and the dust generation is low. But in evening, ground gets baked dry by Sun and with tens of thousands cows returning it becomes Gau Dhuli.

Life on Mars and Astrology

Recent evidence of water on planet Mars once again proves scientific base of ancient Indian writings and Indian Astrology. In our scriptures planet Mars has always referred as son of mother Earth. Now scientists of this age have confirmed evidence of liquid water on Mars. Science is in process to search life on Mars. The scientists will witness more similarities of the Earth with Mars and there will be a time in the future when scientists of this age will recon our belief that planet Mars is originated from the Earth.

Here I am referring to legend of Birth of planet Mars or Mangal graha (in Sanskrit) given in Skand Purana.

There are several names given to Planet Mars. Prominent names such as Bhumisuta (भुमिसुत ) means Earth’s son. Kuja (कुज, कु= पृथ्वी ज = जन्म) Born from Earth; Bhumiputro (भूमिपुत्र) dhara suta (धरासुत) etc names of the Planet Mars (Mangal graha) have similar meaning. In English planet Mars is often called Red Planet. The earliest references in Indian text have bright Red colour associated with Mars. Prominent name of Mars is Angarak means “like burning coal or (burning solid fuel objects as wood pieces etc). The other name Lohit also means red. There are several references of birth of Mars.

Skand purana Avantika Khand Avantyaka Kshetra Mahatmya narrates the legend related to origin of Planet Mars.

The story is in context of the fight between Lord Shiva and the demon Andhakasur. When Lord Shiva’s Trident ( trishul ) injured Andhakasur. At that time a divine sound Resonated and Omkareshwar Mahadev (Idol of Lord Shiva) appeared. In further shlokas origin of Mangal Angarak is narrated which reads as:

 

स्वेद्बिन्दुरथो तस्य ललाटादपतुद्भुवि

तस्मादङ्गा तत्तो जातो  रक्तमाल्या नुलेपनः । आवन्त्ये विषये जातो लोहिताङ्गो धरासुतः ॥ ॥

अङ्गारकस्तुरक्त्ताक्षो महादेव सुतस्तथा ।नामभिर्ब्राह्म्णै स्स्तुत्वा ग्रहमध्येऽपिरोपितः ।

Meaning in English : A sweat drop (perspiration) from fore head of Lord Shiva fallen on Earth. At this time Red coloured planet Mars originated from the mother Earth. After offering prayers Brahmins placed the planet in the orbit.

The birth of Mars took place in the region of Avanti (Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh). In this place Brahma established Angarkeshwar Mahadev. In further shlokas holy rituals and effects are narrated.

हिन्दी अनुवाद

स्कन्द पुराण के आवं त्याखंड अवन्ति क्षेत्र  माहात्म्य (अवंतिका खंड) में यह  वर्णन मिलता  है जब  शिव ने अंधकासुर को अपने त्रिशूल से  विदीर्ण किया उस समय वहां एक विशेष प्रकार की ध्वनि हुई जिससे की ओंकारेश्वर महादेव  का आविर्भाव हुआ। इसी संदर्भ में  आगे  के श्लोकों में मङ्गल ग्रह की उत्त्पत्ति का भी वर्णन है। जो की इस प्रकार है।

“उस  समय  भगवान शिव के मस्तक  से जो स्वेद (पसीने) की बूँद पृथ्वी पर गिरी उससे अंगार के सामान लाल शरीर वाले मंगल धरती से उत्पन्न हुए।

अङ्गारक , रक्ताक्ष तथा  महादेव पुत्र  नामों से स्तुति करके ब्राह्मणों ने मंगल को ग्रहों के मध्य अपिरोपित (स्थापित) किया।  मंगल के उत्त्पत्ति तीर्थ अवन्ति क्षेत्र (उज्जैन) पर ब्रह्मा ने अंगारकेश्वर नाम के गण गन्धर्व सेवित उत्तम  शिव लिंग की स्थापना की। जो नर  मंगलवार को उस  तीर्थ में स्नान करके पूरी शुचिता (पवित्रता)  साथ अंगारकेश्वर के दर्शन करता है वह सर्व पापों से छूट जाता है।”

 

Reference:

महाविनायकः ख्यातस्त अस्माल्लोकेऽभवन्मुने

दर्शनात्तस्य देवस्य न विघ्नैः पीड्यतेनरः ।

मासेमासे चतुर्थ्यांयोऽ गणेशंपूजयेद्द्विजनतस्य विघ्नं जायेदि (तइ) हलोके परत्र च ।

स्वेद्बिन्दुरथो तस्य ललाटादपतुद्भुवि

तस्मादङ्गा तत्तो जातो  रक्तमाल्या नुलेपनः

आवन्त्ये विषये जातो लोहिताङ्गो धरासुतः ॥ ॥

अङ्गारकस्तुरक्त्ताक्षो महादेव सुतस्तथा ।

नामभिर्ब्राह्म्णै स्स्तुत्वा ग्रहमध्येऽपिरोपितः ।

तत्रतीर्थमथोत्पन्नमङ्गारेश्वरमुत्तमम् ।

ब्रह्मणा स्थापितं लिङ्गं गणगन्धर्व सेवितम् ।

शुचिस्तत्र च यस्स्नाति नरस्त्वाङ्गार वासरे

दृष्ट्वाऽङ्गारेश्वरं सोऽथ मुच्यते सर्वपातकैः ॥ ॥

॥स्कन्द पुराण, आवंत्याखंड, अवन्ति क्षेत्र माहात्म्य॥

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dhyana Yoga ध्यान योग Meditation

 Dhyana Yoga ध्यान योग (Meditation)

dhyAnam ध्यानम्

In day today language Dhyana word of Sanskrit is translated to its limited meaning “Mediation”. I try to explain here few references in our ancient literature about Dhyana.

 

A reference of Dyana in  Abhigyan Shakuntalam  makes it clear that by practicing Dhyana one could know even those events with reasoning of which he was not having information otherwise. In other words to come across with the object (situation etc.) of meditation.

 

yadaivApsarastIrthAvataraNAtpratyaxavaiklavyAM shaku.ntalAmAdAya menakA dAxAyaNImupagatA tadaiva dhyAnAdavagato.asmi durvAsasaH shApAdiyaM tapasvinI sahadharmachAriNItvayA pratyAdiShTA nAnyatheti | sa chAyama~NgulIyakadarshanAvasAnaH |

abhij~nAnashAku.ntalam .. 7.31.3..

 

यदा एवाप्सरस्तीर्थावतरणात्प्रत्यक्षवैक्लव्यां शकुन्तलां आदाय मेनका दाक्षायणीं उपगता तदा एव ध्यानादवगतोऽस्मि दुर्वाससः शापादियं तपस्विनी सहधर्मचारिणीत्वया प्रत्यादिष्टा नान्यथेति । स चायं अङ्गुलीयकदर्शनावसानः ।

अभिज्ञान शाकुन्तलम् ।। ७.३१.३  ।।

Transalation:

Sage Maharshi Kashyap says to King Dushyant:

When you (king Dushyant) desolated your wife Shakuntala at a pilgrim place called Apsara tirtha after the incident her mother Apsara Menka took her to my wife Aditi. At that point of time I came to know by dhyana that all this was effect of Maharshi Durvasa Curse which had validity till sight of the signet ring given by you to Shakuntala.

 

 

In Maharishi Patanjali Yogasutra verses referring to Dhyana Yoga.

This verse about Dyana in First Chapter Samadhi Pada

यथाभिमतध्यानाद्वा ॥ 1.39॥

yathAbhimatadhyAnAdvA  ..Verse 39..

               .. samAdhi\-pAdaH ..

 

 

Meaning: Meditate about what is appropriate.

In Sadhan Pad the second Chapter of Yog Sutra

ध्यानहेयास्तद्वृत्तयः ॥ 11॥

॥ साधन-पादः ॥

dhyAnaheyAstadvR^ittayaH  ..11..

                .. sAdhana\-pAdaH ..

 

Meaning: By practicing dhyana dispose  disturbance of life. Here Vritti (whirlpool) word is  used as metaphor to describe disturbances.

 

In third chapter Vibhutipad

तत्र प्रत्ययैकतानता ध्यानम् ॥2॥

॥ विभूतिपाद ॥

 

tatra pratyayaikatAnatA dhyAnam.h .. 2..

.. vibhUti\-pAdaH ..

 

Meaning:  To remain (continuous) in a mental state to have a psyche oneness with the content of meditation.

 

In Forth Chapter Kaivalya Pad

तत्र ध्यानजमनाशयम् ॥6॥

॥कैवल्यपादः॥

tatra dhyAnajamanAshayam.h  .. 6 ..

.. kaivalya\-pAdaH ..

 

Meaning : In the condition when thought are pure and original attains freedom from desires

Yoga Niyam नियम

Yoga Niyam नियम (Sanskrit: niyamāḥ)

(Click to read Part-1 of Yoga  http://www.astroworld.co.in/indian-culture/yoga-and-yogasana/ )

Niyam नियम

शौचमिज्या तपो दानं स्वाध्यायो पनिग्रहः व्रत मौनोपवासं  च स्नानं नियमा च दश

  1. śaucha (शौच) cleanliness
  2. Ijya (इज्या) = yajña (यज्ञ)
  3. Tapa (तप) asceticism,
  4. Daan (दान) charity
  5. Swadyaya (स्वाध्याय) study and think over Sacred Scriptures by self
  6. Panigraha (पनिग्रह स्तुति) 
  7. Vrata (व्रत) resolution, take decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner
  8. Mauna (मौन) refusal to speak
  9. Upavasa (उपवास) fasting
  10. Snana (स्नान) bathing bathe

 

Patañjali Yoga Sutra gives reference to five Niyama

शौचसन्तोषतपःस्वाध्यायेश्वरप्रणिधानानि नियमाः॥३२॥
Śaucasantoṣatapaḥsvādhyāyeśvarapraṇidhānāni niyamāḥ||32||

 

  1. śaucha (शौच) cleanliness 
  2. santoṣa (संतोष) contentment
  3. tapa (तप) asceticism,
  4. svādhyāya (स्वाध्याय) study and think over Sacred Scriptures by self
  5. īśvara praṇidhānāni (ईश्वर-प्रणिधान) Devotion to God (Supreme)

 

Learned having profound knowledge of Hatha Yoga śāstra (हठ योग)

gives reference of ten Niyama

तपः सन्तोष आस्तिक्यं दानम् ईश्वर-पूजनम्।

सिद्धान्त-वाक्य-श्रवणं ह्रीमती च जपो हुतम्।
नियमा दश सम्प्रोक्ता योग-शास्त्र-विशारदैः॥१.१८॥

 

Tapaḥ santoa āstikyaṁ dānamīśvarapūjanam|
Siddhāntavākyaśravaṇaṁ hrīmatī ca japo hutam|
Niyamā daśa samproktā yogaśāstraviśāradaiḥ||

 

  1. tapa (तप) asceticism,
  2. santoṣaḥ (संतोष) contentment
  3. āstik (आस्तिक)  theist
  4. dāna (दान) charity
  5. īśvara pūjanam (ईश्वर पूजनम्) worship of God
  6. siddhānta- vākya- śravaṇam (सिद्धान्त-वाक्य-श्रवणं) listening of principles
  7. hrī (ह्री) a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of inadequacy. modesty
  8. matī (मति) – intellect
  9. japa (जप) recitation of Mantra(etc.) in a low continuous indistinct sound; often accompanied by movement of the lips without the production of articulate speech
  10. hutam (हुतम्)  to give offering (Ahuti) in yajña (यज्ञ),  or sacrifice

 

Yoga and Yogasana

In today’s world general understanding of Yoga word is often confined with Yoga Asana आसन (literary meaning seated position) which is only third step approaching towards Yoga.

The word Yoga in philosophical term means to unite (with Supreme Being). Yoga is ultimate aim given in Indian philosophy.

I am writing few lines about yoga in reference to Patanjali’s Astanga Yoga.

अष्टांग अष्ट = Asht is for eight in Sanskrit and अंग = anga means part

यमनियमासनप्राणायामप्रत्याहारधारणाध्यानसमाधयोऽष्टावङ्गानि

1.            Yama (यम) Contain or Forbear 

2.            Niyam (नियम) principle and rules

3.            Aasana (आसन) the arrangement of the body and its limbs in particular manners for physical and mental             wellness

4.            Pranayam (प्राणायाम) to control breath (life force)

5.            Pratyahaar (प्रत्याहार) withdraw from desires

6.            Dharna (धारणा) assiduousness

7.            Dhyana (ध्यान) Meditation

8.            Samadhi (समाधि) State of a living self in deep meditation and different consciousness level. The state of body  visibly still for others.

 

 यम  Yama: (to Contain or Forbear) self control is the first step towards Yoga. Yajnavalka Smriti gives subdivision of ten these are …

ब्रह्मचर्यं दया क्षान्तिर्दानं सत्यम कल्कता अहिंसाऽस्ते यमाधुर्ये दमश्चेति यमाः स्मृताः

याज्ञवल्क स्मृति Yājñavalkya Smṛti

1. Brahmcharya ब्रह्मचर्य celibacy

2. Daya दया Compassion

3. Kshanti क्षान्ति Fortitude/Patient (adjective)

4. Daan दान Charity

5. Satya सत्य Speaking Truth

6. Akalka अकल्क Free of extraneous elements of any kind

7. Ahimsa अहिंसा non-violence or not to harm anyone in any manner by thought(mansa), word (Vaacha),            or deed (karmana)

8. Asteya अस्तेय non-stealing

9. Madhurya माधुर्य Sweetly

10 Dama दम curtail / inhibit

 

In Patañjali’s Yoga Sūtras (Astanga Yoga) gives details of five of these Yama.

अहिंसा सत्य अस्तेयं ब्रह्मचर्य अपरिग्रह यमः||

साधना पद

 

1.            Ahimsa (अहिंसा): non-violence

2.            Satya (सत्य): truth speaking

3.            Asteya (अस्तेय): non stealing

4.            Brahmacharya (ब्रह्मचर्य): celibacy.

5.            Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह): absence of desire of owning

 

In Hatha Yoga ten types of Yama are mentioned.

अहिंसा सत्यम् अस्तेयं ब्रह्मचर्यं क्षमा धृतिः।

दयार्जवं मिताहारः शौचं चैव यमा दश॥ हठ-योग-१.१७॥

1.            Ahimsa (अहिंसा) non-violence

2.            Satya (सत्य) truth speaking

3.            Asteya (अस्तेय) non stealing

4.            Brahmacharya (ब्रह्मचर्य) celibacy

5.            Kshama (क्षमा) Forgiveness

6.            Dhriti (धृति) assimilate

7.            Daya (दया) Compassion

8.            Arjava (अर्जव) innocence

9.            Mitahara (मितहार) balanced consumption of food

10.          Shaucha (शौच) purity

 

Moonrise time Karwa (Karva) Chauth on 17 October 2019

Moonrise time Karwa (Karva) Chauth on 17 OCTOBER 2019
  Moon rise Time Indian standard Time Moonrise
NEW DELHI, INDIA 20:16 8.16pm
GURUGRAM (GURGAON) 20:17 8.17pm
VARANASI (U.P.) INDIA 19:58 7.58pm
MUMBAI  INDIA 20:50 8.50pm
Local Time
LONDON, UK 20:04
TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA 20:55
WASHINGTON DC, USA 20:59
HONOLULU, HAWAII USA 21:05
SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA 21:08
NEWARK, NEW JERSEY,USA 20:42
PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA 20:48
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, USA 20:34
NEW YORK, NEW YORK, USA 20:42
HOUSTON        USA 21:35
LOS ANGELES USA 21:00
DUBAI Local Time 20:22

नक्षत्र वृक्ष Plants & Trees of 27 Nakshatras (Stars)

नक्षत्र वृक्ष Plants & Trees of 27 Nakshatras (Stars)

Vastu plants and trees

Trees in Vedic Astrology (Zodiac) an article by Prama Chopra (प्रमा चोपड़ा) dedicated to 2011 International Year of Forests http://www.un.org/en/events/iyof2011/

(For Hindi and Sanskrit chart : scroll down)

No. Nakshatra Excelling Deity  Nakshatra Tree English Botanical Name
1 Ashwini Ashvini Twins Ras* Tree *
2 Bharani Yama Vrish* Tree *
3 Kritika Agni Fig tree Ficus racemosa
4 Rohini Brahma JavaPlum Syzygium cumini
5 Mrigashira Indu (Chandrama) Catechu Tree Acacia catechu
6 Ardra Rudra Black Eaglewood Pterocarpus santalinus
7 Punarvasu Aditi Bamboo cane Bambusa arundinacea
8 Pushya Brihaspati Pipal Ficus religiosa
9 Aslesha Sarpa Nagkesar Mesua ferrea
10 Magha Pitri Banyan tree Ficus benghalensis
11 Poorvaphalguni Bhag Flame of the Forest Butea monosperma
12 Uttaraphalguni Aryamā Rudrākṣa Elaeocarpus ganitrus
13 Hasta Sūrya/ Savitṛ Indian Soapberry Sapindus mukorossi
14 Chitra Tvaṣtā Bengal Quince Aegle marmelos
15 Swati Vāyu Arjun Tree Terminalia arjuna
16 Vishakha Indragni Wood Apple Feronia elephantum
17 Anuradha Mitra Maulsari Mimusops elengi
18 Jyehstha Indra Silk cotton tree Salmalia malabarica
19 Moola Naiṛti Saal Tree Shorea robusta
20 Poorvashadha Āpah Rattan(cane) Salix tetraspeama/ Arundinaria gigantea
21 Uttarashadha Viśvedevā Jackfruit Tree Artocarpus incisa
22 Shravana Viṣṇu Gigantic Swallow wart Calotropis gigantea
23 Dhanshita Vasu Khejri tree Prosopis cineraria/ Prosopis spicigera
24 Satabisha Varuṇa Burflower-tree, Cadamba Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.)
25 Poorvabhadrapada Ajaikpād Mango Mangifera indica
26 Uttarabhadrapada Ahirbudhanya Indian Lilak Azadirachta indica
27 Revati Pūṣan Ellopa Tree Madhuca longifolia

27 Nakshatra trees’ Names in Sanskrit and Hindi

   Nakṣatra Name नक्षत्र नक्षत्र देवता वृक्ष नाम संस्कृत हिंदी
1 Ashvinī अश्विनी अश्विनौ रस वृक्ष * रस वृक्ष
2 Bharaṇī भरणी यम वृष वृक्ष * वृष वृक्ष
3 Kṛttikā कृत्तिका अग्नि उदुम्बर उदुंबर /गुलर
4 Rohiṇī रोहिणी ब्रह्मा जम्बु जाम्बुल, जामुन
5 Mrigashīrā मृगशिरा इन्दु खदिर, खैर खैर
6 Ārdrā आर्द्रा रुद्र कृष्णप्लक्ष, कृष्णागरु कृष्ण अगरु, अगर
7 Punarvasu पुनर्वसु अदिति वंश वंश, बांस
8 Pushya पुष्य गुरु पिप्पल अश्वत्थ, पीपर
9 Āshleshā आश्लेषा सर्प नाग वृक्ष नागकेसर या नागचम्पा
10 Maghā मघा पितृ, पितर वट बड/ वट
11 Pūrvā Phālgunī पूर्वाफाल्गुनी भग पलाश किंशुक, पलाश
12 Uttarā Phālgunī उत्तरा फाल्गुनी अर्यमा अक्ष (रूद्राक्ष) अक्ष
13 Hasta हस्त सूर्य अरिष्ट= ritha Ritha
14 Chitrā चित्रा त्वष्टा श्रीवृक्ष बिल्व, बेल
15 Svātī स्वाती वायु अर्जुन कौहा / कोह
16 Viśākhā विशाखा इन्द्राग्नि विकंकत कपित्थ, कैथ
17 Anurādhā अनुराधा मित्र बकुल मौलसरी
18 Jyeshthā ज्येष्ठा इन्द्र वेष्टः शाल्मली / सेवर
19 Mūla मूल निर्ऋति सर्ज्ज अजकर्ण, साल/ सखुआ/ हेंद
20 Pūrva Ashādhā पूर्वाषाढा आपः वञ्जुल, Vañjula वेतस्, बैंत, नरकुल
21 Uttarā Aṣāḍhā उत्तराषाढा विश्वेदेवाः पनस कटहल
22 Śravaṇa श्रवण विष्णु अर्क आंकडा
23 Dhanisthā (Śrāviṣṭha) धनिष्ठा वसु शमी समी/ सफेद कीकर
24 Shatabhishā शतभिषक् (शततारका) वरुण कदम्ब कदंब
25 Pūrva Bhādrapadā पूर्वाभाद्रपद अजैकपाद आम्र आम्र, आम
26 Uttarā Bhādrapadā उत्तरभाद्रपद अहिर्बुध्न्य पिचुमन्द(निम्ब), नीम नीम, निम्ब/ तिक्तक/ अरिष्ट
27 Revatī रेवती पूषा मधु, महुवा मधुक, महुवा

Related Article

Origin of 27 Nakshatra Trees

कृत्तिका नक्षत्र उदुंबर /गुलर
Kritika Nakshtra Tree Gular
Gular Tree
Kritika Nakshatra Tree

3

Kritika

Fig tree FICUS RACEMOSA

3

Kritika

कृत्तिका उदुंबर उदुंबर /गुलर

4 Rohini Nakshatra
Java Plum Syzygium cumini
4 रोहिणी नक्षत्र
जम्बु जाम्बुल, जामुन
Mrigashira Nakshtra
Mrigashira Nakshtra tree Khair

5

Mrigashira

Acacia ACACIA SUNDRA

5

Mrigashira

मृगशिरा खदिर खैर
Punarvasu Nakshtra Tree Bamboo cane

 

7

Punarvasu

Bamboo cane BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA

7

Punarvasu

पुनर्वसु वंश बांस
 

Champa Flowe

Ashlesha Nakshatra tree
Ashlesha Nakshatra tree

9

Aslesha

Champa flower or Plumeria CALOPHYLLUM INOPHYLLUM

9

Aslesha

आश्लेशा चंपा चंपा

10 Magha Nakshatra Banyan tree Ficus benghalensis Maghā मघा नक्षत्र वट वृक्ष बड का पेड़

10 Magha  Nakshatra Banyan tree Ficus benghalensis
10 Maghā मघा नक्षत्र वट वृक्ष बड का पेड़

Palash bloom near astroworld

11

Poorvaphalguni

      Flame of the Forest BUTEA MONOSPERMA

11

Poorvaphalguni

पूर्वा फाल्गुनी किंशुक पलाश
Chitra Nakshatra Tree Bel
Chitra Nakshatra Tree Bilva

14

Chitra

BengalQuince AEGLE MARMELOS

14

Chitra

चित्रा बिल्व बेल
Anuradha Nakshtra Tree Maulsari
Anuradha Nakshtra Tree Maulsari

17

Anuradha

Maulsari MIMUSOPS ELENGI

17

Anuradha

अनुराधा बकुल मौलसरी
Moola Nakshatra Tree Saal
Moola Nakshatra Tree Saal (Shorea robusta)
मूल अजकर्ण साल/ सखुआ / हेंद

19

Moola

Shorea robustra MANGIFERA INDICA

19

Moola

मूल अजकर्ण साल/ सखुआ/ हेंद
Uttrashda Nakshtra Tree_कटहल( Katahal)
Uttarashadha Tree Jackfruit Tree

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

21

Uttarashadha

Jackfruit Tree ARTOCARPUS INCISA

21

Uttarashadha

उत्तराषाढा पनस कटहल
Kadamba tree कदंब
Kadamba Fruit
24 Satabisha Burflower-tree, Cadamba Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.)
24 शतभिषक् (शततारका) कदम्ब कदंब
Nakshatra Tree Mango नक्षत्र वृक्ष आम
Poorvabhadrapada Nakshatra Tree Mango
 
Mango Tree
Poorvabhadrapada tree Mango
 
 
 
 

25

Poorvabhadrapada

     Mango TERMINALIA TOMENTOSA

25

Poorvabhadrapada

पूर्वभाद्रपदा आम्र आम
Uttara Bhadrapada Nakshatra Tree
Uttara Bhadrapada Nakshatra Tree

26

Uttarabhadrapada

Indian Lilak AZADIRACHTA INDICA

26

Uttarabhadrapada

उत्तराभाद्रपदा निम्ब/ तिक्तक/ अरिष्ट नीम
……
 

Karak Chaturthi(करक चतुर्थी) Karwa (Krava) Chauth

IN THE YEAR 2018 ANGARKI SANKASHTI SHRI GANESH KARAK CHATURTHI (KARVA CHAUTH)

अंगारकी संकष्टी श्री गणेश चतुर्थी

IS ON Sunday 27 OCTOBER 2018

MOONRISE CHANDRODAYA (चन्द्रोदय) OF KARWA CHAUTH 2018 IN VARANASI 7.37 PM (19:37 HRS)

KARVA CHAUTH MOONRISE TIME 27 OCTOBER 2018 IN DELHI NCR GURUGRAM, GURGAON 7:57 PM (19:57 HRS)

 

KARWA CHAUTH MOONRISE TIME IN LONDON, ENGLAND, UNITED KINGDOM ON 27 OCTOBER 2018– 20:48 HRS GMT

KARWA CHAUTH MOONRISE TIME IN TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA ON 27 OCTOBER 2018– 20:38 HRS

KARWA CHAUTH MOONRISE TIME IN OTTAWA, ONTARIO, CANADA ON 27 OCTOBER 2018– 20:18 HRS

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, UNITED STATES KARVA CHAUTH 27 OCTOBER 2018 MOONRISE 20:08 Hrs

Chicago, Illinois, United States MOONRISE 20:17, 27 OCTOBER 2018

New York, New York, United States MOONRISE 20:24  27 OCTOBER 2018

Newark, New Jersey, United States MOONRISE 20:25  27 OCTOBER 2018

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States MOONRISE 20:31  27 OCTOBER 2018

 

WASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, USA, KARVA CHAUTH MOONRISE – 20:41 Hrs.  27 OCTOBER 2018

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA, KARVA CHAUTH MOONRISE – 20:52 HRS, 27 OCTOBER 2018

LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNOA, UNITED STATES KARVA CHAUTH MOONRISE – 20:43 HRS, 27 OCTOBER 2018

HONOLULU, HAWAII, UNITED STATES KARVA CHAUTH MOONRISE – 20:52 HRS, 27 OCTOBER 2018

 

Karak Chaturthi (करक चतुर्थी ) commonly known as Krava Chauth (करवा चौथ, ਕਰਵਾ ਚੌਥ).

 

Karak Chaturthi (Karva Chauth) is fasting festival for Hindu women for suhag or saubhagya(marital bliss) and well being. The moment we hear word ‘Karva Chauth’ an impression of a women offering water to moon appears in our imagination. Besides being a ritual of this fasting festival it has a deep spiritual significance.

Karak in Sanskrit means a pitcher or ‘pot with a spout’ for containing water used by Sanyasi

 

Chaturthi or chauth means fourth day after New Moon and Full Moon. In hindu calendar each day is assigned to specific Daity and cathurthi is the day of Lord Ganesha.

यस्मादुमापतिः सार्ध्यमुमयातमधिष्ठि तः

तंदृष्ट्वाचाष्टमांशेन तस्मात् सोमोsभवच्छिशुः।।

source मत्स्य पुराणम्

In Matsya Puran (chapter 23) association of Moon with Lord Shiva and Goddess Uma Parvati is described how they crested Chandra (Moon) on there Shikhar (head). Consequently Chadrashekhar [1] is one the Shiva’s adjective. One name of Ganesha is Bhaal Chandra [2] (Moon on forehead) for the same. So Moon is integral part of Shiva Parivar. Monday being day of Shiva. Soma is Chandra thus Somwar in Sanskrit means day of moon.

So seeing Moon for worship is in fact symbolic of having a sight of Shiva Parivaar(family). Suhag Gauri is the Deity of Marital Bliss and Ganesha is source of all the Happiness is worshiped in this way.

Karva is used in tendering Jal Arghya (which is valuable and deserve to be offered. Water is one of the element of (panchtatva puja ) to offer as a token of respect make offering of water by pouring it on deity thus falls on earth).

Karva Chauth occurs every year on Kartik Krishnapaksha chaturthi as per hindu calendar.

(Krishnapaksha is the waning moon fortnight in other words fortnight after full moon)

Many legends Katha associated with the karva chauth.

Reference

[1] ChanraShekhar ChanraShekhar ChanraShekhar Pahi Maam ।

ChanraShekhar ChanraShekhar ChanraShekhar Raksha Maam ।।

 

[2] Navamam BhalChandram cha Dashmam tu Vinayakam ।

Ekadasham  Ganpatim  Dvadasham  tu   Gajananam   ।।

source Narad Puranam

Agni Rigveda

This is the first richa ऋचा (couplet) of the Rigveda.

ॐ अग्निमीळे पुरोहितं यज्ञस्य देवमृत्विजम्  । होतारं रत्नधातमम्  ।।

agnimILe purohitaM yajñasya devamRtvijam | hotAraM ratnadhAtamam ||

I worship the Fire God, who is the divine priest of the ritual of the sacrifice, who bestows excellence.

‘Agnim’ = fire. ‘Agni‘ here refers to the fire god himself.

ILe = doing prayer

purohitaM = Priest exclusive for family (clan)

yajñasya= The ritual of sacrifice

devam= Devine

Rtvijam= Chief priests

hotAraM = Chief priest in leading or presiding role(The hot who recites invocations and litanies of the rigveda.

ratna = excellence, shining brilliance, literal meaning is gems

dhAtamam = who gives, bestows

God is omni present and His incarnation


Dev Kumar Chopra

I am writing few lines here related with God through my personal experience and thinking.

Once during my childhood when I was hardly nine or ten years old, I felt thirst so I took a glass of water mixed with ice; the glass was made of brass or bronze. I saw a thin layer of water outside the glass. I wiped it from my palm. Again I saw a thin layer of water was formed. So I inferred was coming from the pores of glass.

After I grew up, I remembered the phenomenon of childhood and I came to know that water did not come from the pores through the glass but it was water vapour omnipresent in the atmosphere.

The incarnation of God may be compared with water inside the glass a concrete form and water vapour present in the atmosphere is like omnipresent God. It is colourless but it can assume the shape of myriad colours of cloud.

When I was in high school I read a story (Tales from Shakespeare) by Charles Lamb called “all’s well that ends well”. I don’t remember the full story now but in one page of the story I read something was written in between- Indian, who adores the sun that looks upon his worshipper, but knows of him no more. Why? If the God is omnipresent, he must be present in the sun, too, which has the volume 109 times of our earth. If the God is not in the sun, he is not omnipresent and maybe he is nowhere. Now I am telling my personal experience related with the topic,” about two years back I went to a hospital for full body check up. Seeing my eyes doctor told “you are having cataract in the eyes and asked whether I am able to see? I said yes I can see I didn’t say I daily look at the Sun (God) for a few seconds while performing daily worship. I have no problem in eyes except while reading newspapers I use spects, if he is there (Sun) he can see us and would know us also.

Among the incarnations Ram and Krishna are prominent and illustrative, Ram is associated with Sun and Krishna with Moon Ram was born at the midday and Krishna at the midnight. Colour of Ram is compared with blue lotus The blue lotus I interpreted blue of the sky , blue of the sky is created by the Sun rays.

Krishna was born at the midnight of Janmashtami when half of the Moon was present. The sky colour becomes blue-black, the complexion of Krishna.

The sky is infinite or better say infinity. The omnipresent God is nothing but infinity. Here by ‘nothing’ I meant smaller than the smallest or the soul. The soul is consciousness present in our intellect and it whole of our body and activates all its functions. When the soul leaves, our body is called dead. The reality is life.

Krishna means black, which means absorption of all the light and no light goes out of it and the second meaning of Krishna is ‘Karshan’ is the force of attraction. Combining both the meaning, it reminds me the black hole well known to the scientist which can devour many Suns. In Hindu Philosophy God is defined – trio:  Infinity, Consciousness and Energy (all mighty). The trio together becomes the seat of pleasure. Consciousness is the root of knowledge, when we don’t want to know anything; this consciousness takes the form of pleasure. It can be felt when we slumber deep.