Yoga Niyam नियम

by Gurugram Astrologer PRAMA CHOPRA founder ASTROWORLD

Yoga Niyam नियम (Sanskrit: niyamāḥ)

(Click to read Part-1 of Yoga  http://www.astroworld.co.in/indian-culture/yoga-and-yogasana/ )

Niyam नियम

शौचमिज्या तपो दानं स्वाध्यायो पनिग्रहः व्रत मौनोपवासं  च स्नानं नियमा च दश

  1. śaucha (शौच) cleanliness
  2. Ijya (इज्या) = yajña (यज्ञ)
  3. Tapa (तप) asceticism,
  4. Daan (दान) charity
  5. Swadyaya (स्वाध्याय) study and think over Sacred Scriptures by self
  6. Panigraha (पनिग्रह स्तुति) 
  7. Vrata (व्रत) resolution, take decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner
  8. Mauna (मौन) refusal to speak
  9. Upavasa (उपवास) fasting
  10. Snana (स्नान) bathing bathe

 

Patañjali Yoga Sutra gives reference to five Niyama

शौचसन्तोषतपःस्वाध्यायेश्वरप्रणिधानानि नियमाः॥३२॥
Śaucasantoṣatapaḥsvādhyāyeśvarapraṇidhānāni niyamāḥ||32||

 

  1. śaucha (शौच) cleanliness 
  2. santoṣa (संतोष) contentment
  3. tapa (तप) asceticism,
  4. svādhyāya (स्वाध्याय) study and think over Sacred Scriptures by self
  5. īśvara praṇidhānāni (ईश्वर-प्रणिधान) Devotion to God (Supreme)

 

Learned having profound knowledge of Hatha Yoga śāstra (हठ योग)

gives reference of ten Niyama

तपः सन्तोष आस्तिक्यं दानम् ईश्वर-पूजनम्।

सिद्धान्त-वाक्य-श्रवणं ह्रीमती च जपो हुतम्।
नियमा दश सम्प्रोक्ता योग-शास्त्र-विशारदैः॥१.१८॥

 

Tapaḥ santoa āstikyaṁ dānamīśvarapūjanam|
Siddhāntavākyaśravaṇaṁ hrīmatī ca japo hutam|
Niyamā daśa samproktā yogaśāstraviśāradaiḥ||

 

  1. tapa (तप) asceticism,
  2. santoṣaḥ (संतोष) contentment
  3. āstik (आस्तिक)  theist
  4. dāna (दान) charity
  5. īśvara pūjanam (ईश्वर पूजनम्) worship of God
  6. siddhānta- vākya- śravaṇam (सिद्धान्त-वाक्य-श्रवणं) listening of principles
  7. hrī (ह्री) a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of inadequacy. modesty
  8. matī (मति) – intellect
  9. japa (जप) recitation of Mantra(etc.) in a low continuous indistinct sound; often accompanied by movement of the lips without the production of articulate speech
  10. hutam (हुतम्)  to give offering (Ahuti) in yajña (यज्ञ),  or sacrifice

 

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