Topic: Vastu Shastra

Vaastu(Vastu) Shastra

नक्षत्र वृक्ष Plants & Trees of 27 Nakshatras (Stars) 24

नक्षत्र वृक्ष Plants & Trees of 27 Nakshatras (Stars)

Vastu plants and trees

Trees in Vedic Astrology (Zodiac) an article by Prama Chopra (प्रमा चोपड़ा) dedicated to 2011 International Year of Forests http://www.un.org/en/events/iyof2011/

(For Hindi and Sanskrit chart : scroll down)

No. Nakshatra Excelling Deity  Nakshatra Tree English Botanical Name
1 Ashwini Ashvini Twins Ras* Tree *
2 Bharani Yama Vrish* Tree *
3 Kritika Agni Fig tree Ficus racemosa
4 Rohini Brahma JavaPlum Syzygium cumini
5 Mrigashira Indu (Chandrama) Catechu Tree Acacia catechu
6 Ardra Rudra Black Eaglewood Pterocarpus santalinus
7 Punarvasu Aditi Bamboo cane Bambusa arundinacea
8 Pushya Brihaspati Pipal Ficus religiosa
9 Aslesha Sarpa Nagkesar Mesua ferrea
10 Magha Pitri Banyan tree Ficus benghalensis
11 Poorvaphalguni Bhag Flame of the Forest Butea monosperma
12 Uttaraphalguni Aryamā Rudrākṣa Elaeocarpus ganitrus
13 Hasta Sūrya/ Savitṛ Indian Soapberry Sapindus mukorossi
14 Chitra Tvaṣtā Bengal Quince Aegle marmelos
15 Swati Vāyu Arjun Tree Terminalia arjuna
16 Vishakha Indragni Wood Apple Feronia elephantum
17 Anuradha Mitra Maulsari Mimusops elengi
18 Jyehstha Indra Silk cotton tree Salmalia malabarica
19 Moola Naiṛti Saal Tree Shorea robusta
20 Poorvashadha Āpah Rattan(cane) Salix tetraspeama/ Arundinaria gigantea
21 Uttarashadha Viśvedevā Jackfruit Tree Artocarpus incisa
22 Shravana Viṣṇu Gigantic Swallow wart Calotropis gigantea
23 Dhanshita Vasu Khejri tree Prosopis cineraria/ Prosopis spicigera
24 Satabisha Varuṇa Burflower-tree, Cadamba Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.)
25 Poorvabhadrapada Ajaikpād Mango Mangifera indica
26 Uttarabhadrapada Ahirbudhanya Indian Lilak Azadirachta indica
27 Revati Pūṣan Ellopa Tree Madhuca longifolia

27 Nakshatra trees’ Names in Sanskrit and Hindi

   Nakṣatra Name नक्षत्र नक्षत्र देवता वृक्ष नाम संस्कृत हिंदी
1 Ashvinī अश्विनी अश्विनौ रस वृक्ष * रस वृक्ष
2 Bharaṇī भरणी यम वृष वृक्ष * वृष वृक्ष
3 Kṛttikā कृत्तिका अग्नि उदुम्बर उदुंबर /गुलर
4 Rohiṇī रोहिणी ब्रह्मा जम्बु जाम्बुल, जामुन
5 Mrigashīrā मृगशिरा इन्दु खदिर, खैर खैर
6 Ārdrā आर्द्रा रुद्र कृष्णप्लक्ष, कृष्णागरु कृष्ण अगरु, अगर
7 Punarvasu पुनर्वसु अदिति वंश वंश, बांस
8 Pushya पुष्य गुरु पिप्पल अश्वत्थ, पीपर
9 Āshleshā आश्लेषा सर्प नाग वृक्ष नागकेसर या नागचम्पा
10 Maghā मघा पितृ, पितर वट बड/ वट
11 Pūrvā Phālgunī पूर्वाफाल्गुनी भग पलाश किंशुक, पलाश
12 Uttarā Phālgunī उत्तरा फाल्गुनी अर्यमा अक्ष (रूद्राक्ष) अक्ष
13 Hasta हस्त सूर्य अरिष्ट= ritha Ritha
14 Chitrā चित्रा त्वष्टा श्रीवृक्ष बिल्व, बेल
15 Svātī स्वाती वायु अर्जुन कौहा / कोह
16 Viśākhā विशाखा इन्द्राग्नि विकंकत कपित्थ, कैथ
17 Anurādhā अनुराधा मित्र बकुल मौलसरी
18 Jyeshthā ज्येष्ठा इन्द्र वेष्टः शाल्मली / सेवर
19 Mūla मूल निर्ऋति सर्ज्ज अजकर्ण, साल/ सखुआ/ हेंद
20 Pūrva Ashādhā पूर्वाषाढा आपः वञ्जुल, Vañjula वेतस्, बैंत, नरकुल
21 Uttarā Aṣāḍhā उत्तराषाढा विश्वेदेवाः पनस कटहल
22 Śravaṇa श्रवण विष्णु अर्क आंकडा
23 Dhanisthā (Śrāviṣṭha) धनिष्ठा वसु शमी समी/ सफेद कीकर
24 Shatabhishā शतभिषक् (शततारका) वरुण कदम्ब कदंब
25 Pūrva Bhādrapadā पूर्वाभाद्रपद अजैकपाद आम्र आम्र, आम
26 Uttarā Bhādrapadā उत्तरभाद्रपद अहिर्बुध्न्य पिचुमन्द(निम्ब), नीम नीम, निम्ब/ तिक्तक/ अरिष्ट
27 Revatī रेवती पूषा मधु, महुवा मधुक, महुवा

Related Article

Origin of 27 Nakshatra Trees

कृत्तिका नक्षत्र उदुंबर /गुलर

Kritika Nakshtra Tree Gular

Gular Tree

Kritika Nakshatra Tree

3

Kritika

Fig tree FICUS RACEMOSA

3

Kritika

कृत्तिका उदुंबर उदुंबर /गुलर
Mrigashira Nakshtra

Mrigashira Nakshtra tree Khair

5

Mrigashira

Acacia ACACIA SUNDRA

5

Mrigashira

मृगशिरा खदिर खैर

Punarvasu Nakshtra Tree Bamboo cane

 

7

Punarvasu

Bamboo cane BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA

7

Punarvasu

पुनर्वसु वंश बांस
 

Champa Flowe

Ashlesha Nakshatra tree

Ashlesha Nakshatra tree

9

Aslesha

Champa flower or Plumeria CALOPHYLLUM INOPHYLLUM

9

Aslesha

आश्लेशा चंपा चंपा

10 Magha Nakshatra Banyan tree Ficus benghalensis Maghā मघा नक्षत्र वट वृक्ष बड का पेड़

10 Magha  Nakshatra Banyan tree Ficus benghalensis
10 Maghā मघा नक्षत्र वट वृक्ष बड का पेड़

Palash bloom near astroworld

11

Poorvaphalguni

      Flame of the Forest BUTEA MONOSPERMA

11

Poorvaphalguni

पूर्वा फाल्गुनी किंशुक पलाश
Chitra Nakshatra Tree Bel

Chitra Nakshatra Tree Bilva

14

Chitra

BengalQuince AEGLE MARMELOS

14

Chitra

चित्रा बिल्व बेल
Anuradha Nakshtra Tree Maulsari

Anuradha Nakshtra Tree Maulsari

17

Anuradha

Maulsari MIMUSOPS ELENGI

17

Anuradha

अनुराधा बकुल मौलसरी
Moola Nakshatra Tree Saal

Moola Nakshatra Tree Saal (Shorea robusta)
मूल अजकर्ण साल/ सखुआ / हेंद

19

Moola

Shorea robustra MANGIFERA INDICA

19

Moola

मूल अजकर्ण साल/ सखुआ/ हेंद
Uttrashda Nakshtra Tree_कटहल( Katahal)

Uttarashadha Tree Jackfruit Tree

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

21

Uttarashadha

Jackfruit Tree ARTOCARPUS INCISA

21

Uttarashadha

उत्तराषाढा पनस कटहल

Kadamba tree कदंब

Kadamba Fruit

24 Satabisha Burflower-tree, Cadamba Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.)
24 शतभिषक् (शततारका) कदम्ब कदंब
 
Mango Tree

Poorvabhadrapada tree Mango

 
 
 
 

25

Poorvabhadrapada

     Mango TERMINALIA TOMENTOSA

25

Poorvabhadrapada

पूर्वभाद्रपदा आम्र आम
Uttara Bhadrapada Nakshatra Tree

Uttara Bhadrapada Nakshatra Tree

26

Uttarabhadrapada

Indian Lilak AZADIRACHTA INDICA

26

Uttarabhadrapada

उत्तराभाद्रपदा निम्ब/ तिक्तक/ अरिष्ट नीम
……
 

Cardinal Directions 13

 

Disha (Directions) for Vastu

 

Dis (Sanskrit) [from the verbal root dis to show, point out, direct] A direction or point of space, a cardinal point or quarter; the four cardinal points: prachi (east); dakshina (south); pratichi (west); and udichi (north). The noun disa likewise means direction, region, quarter, or point of space.

East is recognized as the direction from which Sun rose and therefore it is in the past. The past, present and future division of time as a result of the movement of sun are also connected to the spatial directions which are named based on sun’s movement. The directions in space are explained as relative to the position of the observer. In this sutra space and time are connected by the motion of sun which observation is also found in many scriptures.

 

आदित्यसंयोगाद्भूत पूर्वाद्भविष्यतो भूताच्च प्राची ।

आदित्य  संयोगात aditya-samyogat = from the conjunction of the sun; भूतपूर्वात् bhutpurvat = past and gone; भविष्यतः bhavisyatah, future; भूतात्  bhutat, what has taken place or come into existence ; resent; च cha and; प्राची prachi east


प्राची Prachi / Purva (East)

belonging to Lord Indra (Rain Water Deity who is also the king of all deities), It is considered most auspicious & holy of all directions. While sleeping your legs should not face east.

प्रतीची Pratichi / Paschim (West)

Lord Varuna (Ground Water Deity) lives in this direction. This direction is not considered auspicious. You may plant long tree in the west.

उदीची Udichi / Uttar (North)

belonging to Lord Kubera (Treasurer of Deities). A house entrance facing north brings prosperity.

अवाचि Avachi/ Dakshin (South)

Lord Yama (Death Deity), is presumed to be the lord of the south direction. Houses with entrance doors in the south bring ill-luck to the occupants. While sleeping your legs should never face south.

ईशान Ishanya (North-East)

Ishan the fifth head (the top head symbolising sky or space) of Shiva (The Supreme God) governs this direction. A pooja (worship) room should be kept in the north-eastern direction. House entrance placed in this direction brings prosperity, knowledge peace & progress.

अग्नि Agneya (South-East)

Lord Agni (Fire Deity) is supposed to be the lord of this direction. The kitchen of the house should be situated in this direction. For ensuring their durability, electronic gadgets & appliances should be kept in this direction.

नैऋत्य Nairutya (South-West)

‘Nairuti’ (a Demon) has the authority to this direction. Therefore, it is banned for all auspicious functions. This direction should be filled with heavy unmovable

वायु Vayavya (North-West)

Lord Vayu (Air Deity) is stated to be the Swami (owner) of this direction. This direction is favoured by Lord Hanuman (Monkey God, son of Vayu). For immediate & certain success, this direction is chosen as the point of beginning in any undertaking.

ऊर्ध्व Urdhwa/ Akash (Skywards)

Further sub divided into seven parts depending upon the height.

अधरस्त Adharastha/ Patal (Downwards)

Also sub divided into seven parts depending upon depth.

asya prAchI dikprAJNchaH prANAH
 ##SF## tasya vai etasya purushhasya##k OM. ##vai ... prAchI dik
        prAJNchas.h prANAs.h
dakshiNA digdakshiNe prANAH
 ##SF## dakshiNA dik.h dakshiNAs.h prANAs.h
pratIchI dikpratyaJNchaH prANA
 ##SF## pratIchI dik pratyaJNchas.h prANAs.h
udIchI digudaJNchaH prANAH
 ##SF## udIchI dik.h udaJNchas.h prANAs.h
UrdhvA digUrdhvAH prANAH
 ##SF## UrdhvA dik.h UrdhvAs.h prANAs.h
avAchI digavAJNchaH prANAH
 ##SF## avAchI dik.h avAJNchas.h prANAs.h
sarvA dishaH sarve prANAH |
 ##SF## sarvAs.h dishas.h sarve prANAs.h
sa eshha neti netyA.atmAgR^ihyo na hi gR^ihyate.ashIryo na hi shIryate
.asaN^go na hi sajyate.asito na
vyathate na rishhyaty
 ##SF## sas.h eshha na iti na iti AtmA agR^ihyas.h na hi gR^ihyate
        ashIryas.h na hi shIryate asaN^gas.h asitas.h na sajyate na
vyathate
        asaN^gas.h na hi sajyate asitas.h na vyathate na rishhyati
abhayaM vai
 ##SF## abhayam.h vai
janaka
 ##SF## janaka
prApto.asIti hovAcha yAGYavalkyaH |
 ##SF## prAptas.h asi iti ha uvAcha yAGYavalkyas.h
sa hovAcha janako vaideho.abhayaM tvA gachchhatAd
 ##SF## sa ha uvAcha janakas.h vaidehas.h abhayam.h tvA AgachchhatAt.h
yAGYavalkya
 ##SF## yAGYavalkya
yo no
 ##SF## yas.h nas.h
bhagavann
 ##SF## bhagavan.h
abhayaM vedayase
 ##SF## abhayam.h vedayase
namaste.astv
 ##SF## namas.h te astu
ime videhA ayamahamasmi || 4 ||  iti dvitiiyaM braahmaNam.h ..
 ##SF## ime videhAs.h ayam.h aham.h asmi iti
 
tR^itiiyaM braahmaNam.h . For more details about these Sanskrit Shlokas about Vastu Disha directions contact our Astrologer Prama Chopra at Astroworld, Ridgewood Estate DLF-IV, Gurgaon.

 

Vastu Shashtra 2

Understanding Directions and Vastu
Direction is the distance-independent relationship between two points. Points are infinite and so are the directions. Direction is sought when we need to gain some benefit from any thing. We must sit facing a TV or movie screen, if we want to enjoy a movie.

In larger scale, to have a common understanding and communication, we have limited the number of direction and defined them. Like the direction in which sun rises or the direction in which shines the polar star or direction towards which a magnetic needle points. For Muslims the most important direction is the orientation towards which the Holy Kaba is located.

Celestial body leaves influence over us; so is their direction. It is important that we reap maximum benefit from  knowledge of directions. The direction while seeing, listening, travelling, sleeping, breathing, talking, sitting eating, all are important. That is why people design their houses, too, according to in certain direction.

There are 4 cardinal directions: North and south. East, West. The north and south are defined by the axis of rotation of the earth. East and west are at right angles to north and south, with east being in the direction of rotation of the earth and west being directly opposite.

Hindu System has 10 directions:

  • Purva (East): belonging to Lord Indra (Rain Water Deity who is also the king of all deities), It is considered most auspicious & holy of all directions. While sleeping your legs should not face east.
  • Paschim (West): Lord Varuna (Ground Water Deity) lives in this direction. This direction is not considered auspicious. You may plant long tree in the west.
  • Uttar (North): belonging to Lord Kubera (Treasurer of Deities). A house entrance facing north brings prosperity.
  • Dakshin (South): Lord Yama (Death Deity), is presumed to be the lord of the south direction. Houses with entrance doors in the south bring ill-luck to the occupants. While sleeping your legs should never face south.
  • Ishanya (North-East): Ishan the fifth head (the top head symbolising sky or space) of Shiva (The Supreme God) governs this direction. A pooja (worship) room should be kept in the north-eastern direction. House entrance placed in this direction brings prosperity, knowledge peace & progress.
  • Agneya (South-East): Lord Agni (Fire Deity) is supposed to be the lord of this direction. The kitchen of the house should be situated in this direction. For ensuring their durability, electronic gadgets & appliances should be kept in this direction.
  • Nairutya (South-West): ‘Nairuti’ (a Demon) has the authority to this direction. Therefore, it is banned for all auspicious functions. This direction should be filled with heavy unmovable
  • Vayavya (North-West): Lord Vayu (Air Deity) is stated to be the Swami (owner) of this direction. This direction is favoured by Lord Hanuman (Monkey God, son of Vayu). For immediate & certain success, this direction is chosen as the point of beginning in any undertaking.
  • Urdhwa/Akash (Skywards): Further sub divided into seven parts depending upon the height.
  • Adharastha/Patal (Downwards): Also sub divided into seven parts depending upon depth.

Hindus believes that all matters, including our body, are made up of five basic elements viz.  Earth(Solids), Sky(Vacuum, space, ether), Water (Liquids), Fire (Energy, heat, radiation, photons, plasma) and air (gases). You may see that each of these is governed by one of the deities of the 10 directions.
Each direction has its own favourite colour.

Some scientific facts about directions:

The sun rises in the east: It is true but not 100%. This is because the plane in which the earth revolves around the sun (orbit of 365.26 days) and rotates (in 24 hours) are not the same but are inclined to each other at an angle of about 23.44 degrees. So only on two days in a year (equinoxes, spring around March 20 and autumnal around September 23) the sun rises on the true east, if we see it from the equator. On other days it is slightly off the east or west(up to 23.44 degrees). For people leaving away from equators these two days fall on some other days of calendar. However, for those living beyond 23.44 degrees latitudes south or north of equator (e.g. Delhi London, Sydney etc.) the sun rise is never in true east.

The Compass points towards north: yes but not exactly, because:

i. The Magnetic North Pole is not exactly towards the True North, but is slightly away (about 7.7 degrees in 2004) from it. Its position is also changing every year at slow speed which at  present  is about 40 km per year from Canada towards Siberia.

ii. Magnetic North Pole and Magnetic South Pole (26.5 degrees away from true south in 2004) are not diametrically opposite.
iii. The location of magnetic north pole also swings around true north.
iv. North Pole and South Poles too undergo reversal and north becomes south and vice versa. The period of reversal is random may vary from less than 100 thousand year to over a  million year. The last reversal took place about 780000 years ago.
v. Even a compass needle do not points exactly towards the magnetic north pole. but shows a slight declination which varies from place to place, It is like when you are moving in car on a  road towards London your car may not always be pointing towards London but  slightly off due to curves along the road. Similarly all magnetic lines joining south and north poles are  not straight but having slight curvatures (magnetic declination) depending upon local factors.

The Polaris (the current north pole star) is at the north celestial pole: for most practical purposes yes, but not exactly. Because our north pole is also rotating in a small arc completing one cycle in about 25700 years (earth’s precession). About 5000 years ago the North Pole was towards the star Thuban. At present Polaris is 42’ (i.e. about 3/4th degrees) away from true North Pole and due to rotation of the earth the Polaris also appears to be making a very small circle around North Pole once in 24 hours. Therefore, you may find it exactly towards line of true north twice in every 24 hours. Polaris will come closest to North Pole after 5000 years from now.

India’s ancient sages have applied their knowledge of direction and developed a science of Vastu Shstra to get the natural benefits freely offered by the universe in which we all live. It is widely applied today in architectures and its principles are based on becoming one with nature. Like astrology and palmistry Vastu is a vast science which has some concepts similar to Feng shui which originated in China.

Vastu is a part of Vedas, which are believed to be four to five thousand years old. The art of Vastu originates in the Stapatya Veda, a part of the Atharva Veda
Ancient scriptures on Vastu Shastra define Vaastu on the basis of two forces – positive and negative which are on constant interaction with each other on the surface of the land. These forces or energies get disturbed whenever a new structure is constructed on a vacant piece of land. Vaastu Shastra is basically the art of correct placement so as to maintain a balance between the forces and derive maximum benefits. The dominance of positive energies (forces) than the negative energies facilitated by Vaastu Shastra would result in a more successful, healthy, prosperous and satisfying life for the occupants and vice versa in case of dominant negative energies.

Another interesting aspect of direction is the circular direction which is clockwise and anti/counter clockwise. In a 3 dimensional arena, this would also depend upon whether you are looking at this motion from front or back. Some more interesting facts are given below.

All planets orbit the sun in same direction (you may presume it to be counter clock wise if observing from the north pole star), and also spins spin the same way as their orbits (counter clockwise), though Venus, Uranus and the Pluto all spin in a separate direction (clock wise ) to the other planets.

For some unknown reason, most Mollusks (e.g. conch) shells screw on clockwise (right-handed) or dextral. The left handed (Daksinawarti) or sinistral are very rare except in some species. Conch shell Turbinella pyrum (Shankh) is a symbol of the god Vishnu. Hindus do parikramas or Arati clock wise.